The most influential philosopher in the history of logical thought

Avicenna is the first to describe the five classical senses: His concluding sketch of such a concept ibid. His phrasing was almost identical, but then furthered the idea: It would be possible, for instance, to justify sacrificing one individual for the benefits of others if the utilitarian calculations promise more benefit.

This is a foundation on which 4 based his understanding of existentialism. The latter presupposes a fruitful interplay of three major discursive arenas: Boethius - Roman philosopher.

Paul argued against this, stating that as Christ was the absolute greatest good that the world would ever see, and Almighty because he and the Father are one, then the grace of Christ is sufficiently powerful to save anyone from his or her sin, whether Jewish, Gentile or anything else.

He also invented the superscript notation still used today to indicate the powers of exponents. Hannah Arendt Famous For: The Organon compiles six works of Aristotle on logic. He founded the Academy in Athens.

Discourse theory thus calls for a pragmatic analysis of argumentation as a social practice. Simone de Beauvoir Famous For: Must not the presupposition of a universal audience be attenuated, given that scientists investigate aspects of the world e.

Mozi was a proponent of moral philosophy and ethics. Anyone could symbolically become a Jew by circumcision and obedience of the Mosaic Laws every one of them, not just the Big Ten. Southern Illinois University Press, A person's moral worth cannot be dependent upon what nature endowed them with accidentally.

He was soundly criticized by a lot of Christian polemicists those who make war against all thought but Christian thoughtespecially during the Middle Ages, because he was thought to be an atheist, whose principles for a happy life were passed down to this famous set of statements: Make it a law about things, when in reality it expresses no more than something that we hope, a completely subjective necessity developed by the habit.

Chinese philosophy

Among the "non-aligned" philosophers of the period many of whom were most active in the area of Political Philosophy were the following: In light of the above ambiguity in the status of Dhowever, one might want to take a more pragmatic approach to democratic deliberation.

In his early treatment, however, he immediately equated empirical truth with ideal justifiability—the consensus theory of truth mentioned above.

Philosophy Books: 10 Best Philosophy Books Of All Time

Leo Tolstoy Famous For: As an empirical object, Kant argues, it is indefinitely constructable for our minds. In articulating presuppositions of practice, reconstructive analysis remains weakly transcendental.

Karl Marx Workers of the world unite, you have nothing to lose but your chains.

A Quick History of Philosophy

Saint Augustine of Hippo Famous For: The latter has a five point proof for the existence of God. A person may be kind, merciful, charitable, etc. In broad agreement with Hegelian models of mutual recognition, Mead understands the individual's development of a stable personal identity as inextricably bound up with processes of socialization that depend on participation in relationships of mutual recognition.

Following Horkheimer's definition of Critical Theory, Habermas pursued three aims in his attempt to combine social science and philosophical analysis:.

Aristotle was a great philosopher and scientist born in the ancient city of Stagira, in Greece, considered as the father of logical thought.

Top 10 Greatest Philosophers in History

He was a student of Plato at the Plato’s Academy in Athens. A Quick History of Philosophy. Pre-Socratic Philosophy | Classical Philosophy perhaps the best known, most widely studied and most influential philosopher of all time.

In his writings, Plato blended Ethics, and that experience and observation must be the foundations of any logical argument. A student of Plato in Ancient Greece, Aristotle contributed to numerous areas including metaphysics, logic, poetry, linguistics, and government.

Famous Philosophers

He is one of the most well known philosophers in history. Aristotle (– B.C.) was one of the most important western philosophers, a student of Plato, teacher of Alexander the Great, and tremendously influential in the Middle Ages.

Aristotle wrote on logic, nature, psychology, ethics, politics, and art. The most influential philosopher in terms of number of lives impacted, directly or indirectly, and sheer global reach is Marx.

b people at its height, 34% of then world population b. This is regardless of whether you agree or disagree with Marxie’s ideas. Feb 19,  · Master Kong Qiu, as his name translates from Chinese, lived from to BC, and remains the most important single philosopher in Eastern history.

Immanuel Kant: Metaphysics

He espoused significant principles of ethics and politics, in a time when the Greeks were espousing the same things.

The most influential philosopher in the history of logical thought
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